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Oak Hall Dental | Periodontal (gum) disease in Columbia, MD

OAK HALL DENTAL

Jeffrey Mazursky D.D.S.

formerly know as

Wilde Lake Family Dentistry

6798 Oak Hall Lane
Unit A-3
Columbia, MD 21045
(410)964-2422

Cosmetic, Laser and Implant Dentistry

  Family Dentist        General Dentist

Periodontal (gum) disease
 

Diagnosis:
Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during your exam. A periodontal probe is gently used to measure the space between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a healthy space is three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.

There are three categories of periodontal disease:

a) Gingivitis – Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed and likely to bleed.
b) Periodontitis – Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.
c) Advanced Periodontitis – The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.

Treatment:
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, regular cleanings every three to six months will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits. If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planning (deep cleaning) will be recommended. It is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time. In this procedure, tartar, plaque and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line and rough spots on the root surfaces are made smooth. This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. If the pockets do not heal after scaling and root planning, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. Your dentist may also recommend that you see a Periodontist (specialist).

Maintenance:
It only takes 24 hours for plaque that is not removed from your teeth to turn into calculus (tartar)! Daily home cleaning helps control plaque and tartar formation, but those hard-to-reach areas will always need special attention. It is recommended that you have regular maintenance cleanings three to four times a year.

 
 
 
Columbia, MD Dentist | Periodontal (gum) disease. Jeff Mazursky is a Columbia, MD Dentist.

Columbia, Maryland General  and Family Dentist